LEARN CBD 101
What is Cannabidiol (CBD)
CBD is an acronym for cannabidiol. The highest concentration of CBD can be found in the plant Cannabis sativa, which contains over 113 different types of phytocannabinoids, or plant-based cannabinoids. CBD is associated with the positive therapeutic properties of cannabis, and none of the more negative properties that can cause intoxicating or psychoactive effects.
There has been much written about the benefits of CBD. One of the most positive effects is its ability to act on the body’s endocannabinoid system. The endocannabinoid system self-regulates to changes inside and outside of the body to achieve biological tranquillity. The main function of the endocannabinoid system is to maintain homeostasis and balance the internal chemistry of the body.
The Endocannabinoid system (ECS)
It’s not just humans who are born with the endocannabinoid system. In fact, it’s found in the brain and nervous system of all mammals, emphasising its importance in the body. The human endocannabinoid system is responsible for intercellular communication in our bodies. Put simply, it sends soothing signals between cells, helping to maintain the balance between different biological functions – also known as homeostasis.
How does the Endo-cannabinoid System work?
There are three key components that make up the system:
1.Cannabiniods & 2. Cannabinoid Receptors
Think of cannabinoids as keys, and receptors as the padlocks they slot into. These locks are found all throughout the body, in the nervous system, glands, immune cells, organs, brain and connective tissue.
When a key (or a cannabinoid) fits a padlock, it causes a reaction in the body. For example, when anandamide binds to a receptor, a blissful state may kick in. There are two main types of cannabinoid receptors in the body. First, you have CB1, which exists in the brain and spinal cord, working to regulate appetite and memory, and to reduce pain.
Then there’s CB2, which is distributed in the immune system. Its primary goal is to reduce inflammation throughout the body. When your ECS is working correctly, it will produce the endocannabinoids you need when you need them, directing them to the correct CB1 or CB2 receptor for homeostasis.
Full spectrum vs Broad spectrum CBD
Full spectrum cannabidiol (CBD) and broad spectrum CBD are two of the three main types of CBD extract available (CBD isolate being the third). The main difference between the two is the compounds that they contain.
If a CBD product contains several naturally occurring cannabis plant extracts, such as terpenes and other cannabinoids (including up to 0.3% THC), it is full spectrum CBD.
Broad spectrum CBD also contains several cannabis plant compounds, but it is typically entirely free of THC. That said, there may sometimes be trace amounts of THC in broad spectrum CBD products.
In short, as the word suggests, CBD isolate is an isolated form of cannabinol (CBD). Before its isolation, CBD is one of many other active ingredients in full-spectrum cannabis oil. To ‘isolate’, all of the plant’s natural compounds — except for CBD — are thoroughly removed, leaving CBD as a pure crystalline solid or powder, devoid of any distinct smell or taste.
Depending on the intensity and type of extraction process, quality cannabinol isolates are over 99% pure, which can the be blended with hemp oil or other oil-based alternatives (MCT oil) for ingestion. CBD isolate offers an unmatchable purity that maintains its potency even when added to other substances and with this the removal of any earthy tastes associated with cannabis. This makes CBD isolate ideal for use in balms and oils for people who prefer more appealing or popular tastes and flavour.
What is CBD Oil Made From?
CBD oil is, quite simply, made with CBD that’s been extracted from a Cannabis plant, then combined with a carrier oil to ensure it’s ingestible. In the case of our CBD Oral Drops, the oil is USDA certified organic coconut oil (MCT oil), which is rich in fatty acids, allowing for increased bioavailability. CBD bioavailability is the rate at which cannabidiol is absorbed, and plays a key role in delivering the strength and effects you want. The higher the bioavailability, the higher the potency, which is what makes that coconut oil all the more important.
Is CBD Legal?
Yes, CBD alone is completely legal world wide. Without THC, it is not a drug, but rather a natural wellness molecule found in the form of oils, capsules, creams, balms… the list goes on. Our products are always THC-free which means it will not show up in a recreational drugs test, unlike other cannabis oil.
What is THC?
THC stands for tetrahydrocannabinol; a mind-altering ingredient found in the cannabis plant, which gives marijuana its psychoactive properties. Our products are produced with CBD isolates only, meaning every Ammonite product is THC-free and therefore none of our oils, capsules or E- liquids will make you feel ‘high’ or intoxicated.